Intellectual Development means being able to communicate, to think both creatively and abstractly, to pay attention, solve problems, and develop keen judgment and a lifelong readiness to learn.
Emerging SkillsConfidently sort and classify objectsUnderstand ordering of numbersUnderstand directional position of numbers and begin to print numbersUnderstand simple adding and subtracting – there are two balloons and one flies away how many are left?Begin to understand different forms of measurement – weight, height, lengthUnderstand and replicate concepts of pattern, sequence and orderUnderstand concepts such as direction, oppositesUnderstand the concept of a calendarIdentify more or lessBegin to use pluralsUnderstand parts and whole and half
Find out more about What to Expect from your preschooler, 4 to 5 Years.
Social Development: 4 to 5 years
Parents Can:Incorporate sorting and classifying into daily routines
Child Will:Confidently sort and classifyBegin to seek opportunities to sort and classifyDemonstrate her increased awareness of the qualities that make objects the same and different
Parents Can:Begin to talk about "same" and "different" as it applies to their preschooler's toys and daily experiences
Child Will:Develop a better understanding of his environmentFeel he is in a safe environment where he can explore things and examine the qualities of thingsBegin to share with others his feelings about things in his environment, based on the qualities an object may possess
Parents Can:Introduce the concepts of adding and subtracting
Child Will:Begin to experiment with this mathematical conceptShare her hypothesis with others, knowing she will be guidedRecognize the adults in her environment as people who can help her understand and solve problems
Parents Can:Play simple games like "What time is it Mr. Wolf" or "Mother May I?" that require their preschooler to count the number of steps he takes
Child Will:Count correctly using one-to-one correspondenceBegin to apply directions
Parents Can:Provide opportunities for their preschooler to count, trace letters and complete puzzles with numbers
Child Will:Begin to master the ability to print numbersRecognize the printed sequence of numbersBegin to recognize random numbers up to 10
Parents Can:Play matching games with playing cards, or make their own set of matching cards - use index cards and print two cards with the same number
Child Will:Recognize numbers randomlyEngage in turn-taking gamesFeel confident about which cards/numbers are the same and different
Parents Can:Share books with their preschoolers that illustrate one-to-one correspondence, as well as those demonstrating "same" and "different"
Child Will:Develop his observation skillsGain confidence in countingUnderstand that numbers indicate quantity - for example, two is more than oneBegin to understand "more" and "less"Begin to use plurals – two balls, three balls etc.
Parents Can:Spend time with their preschooler tracing numbers and replicating patterns
Child Will:Develop and master his ability to print numbersGain confidence in number recognition
Parents Can:Use household objects and their preschooler's toys to demonstrate and practice simple adding and subtracting (for example, "If you have three dolls and you take one away how many are left?")
Child Will:Begin to develop the language of addition and subtraction (such as "add," "take away," "plus" and "equals")Begin to experiment using the language and the conceptsBegin to understand "more" and "less"
Parents Can:Talk about time, days of the week, months and years by talking about special events or activities that are happening at home or school
Child Will:Begin to talk about days of the weekBegin to associate certain events with days and months of the yearBegin to take an active interest in knowing upcoming events at home or schoolBegin to associate the clock with time
Emotional Development: 4 to 5 years
Intellectual Development - Language: 4 to 5 years
Intellectual Development - Problem Solving: 4 to 5 years