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Social Development means being able to make friends and get along with others, to work as part of a team and be a good leader, all of which are built on self-confidence, cooperation and trust.
Emerging SkillsBegin to grasp the concept of sharingEnjoy games with rulesEnjoy dramatic play with othersTake turnsComply with requests from parents more oftenLook/seek adult approval
Emotional Development: 3 to 4 years
Parents Can:Praise their preschooler for his effortsProvide feedback about what he does well (such as getting dressed on his own)
Child Will:Be encouraged to take on more activities independentlyGain confidenceFeel motivated to be more independent
Parents Can:Be available to their preschooler, even when she is playing or working on her own, and be prepared to talk
Child Will:Know that you take an interest in her activitiesFeel valued by your availabilityFeel secure
Parents Can:Give their preschooler a special responsibility, such as helping to water the flowers in the garden
Child Will:Feel he has a special roleFeel independentGain confidence and have a stronger sense of self
Parents Can:Provide opportunities for their preschooler to play with other preschoolers
Child Will:Develop her ability to sharePractice turn-takingComply with your request
Parents Can:Praise turn-taking during everyday routines, such as waiting for his turn to take a bath or helping with dinner
Child Will:Begin to practice turn-taking, even in everyday eventsBegin to refine the necessary social skills for school
Parents Can:Spend time playing simple games that require turn-taking, for example, card games such as "Memory" or "Go Fish"
Child Will:Gain confidenceDevelop turn-taking skillsBegin to understand expectations of games with rulesEnjoy playing with you
Parents Can:Ask their preschooler about her day, with specific open-ended questions. For example, "What was one special thing you did?" or "Who did you enjoying playing with today?"
Child Will:Feel her comments are valuedSeek your approval for the good things that happened in her dayWant to talk to you more often about her day
Parents Can:Explain to their preschooler the reasons behind requests. For example, "Go to bed so that you can be rested and ready to play in the morning"
Child Will:Comply with requests more oftenUnderstand that there are reasons behind requestsHave a better understanding of routines, rules and limits
Intellectual Development - Language: 3 to 4 years
Intellectual Development - Numeracy: 3 to 4 years
Intellectual Development - Problem Solving: 3 to 4 years
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