Intellectual Development means being able to communicate, to think both creatively and abstractly, to pay attention, solve problems, and develop keen judgment and a lifelong readiness to learn.
Emerging SkillsPlay with language and make up new wordsTalk about imaginary conditionsUse negatives, such as "I don't want to go"Make up rhymes or sing songsCommunicate cause and effect relationships, such as "I can't play because I'm sick"Use past, present and future tenses correctlyTell long stories about personal experiences
Find out more about What to Expect from your preschooler, 4 to 5 Years.
Social Development: 4 to 5 years
Parents Can:Tell their preschooler long stories without pictures
Child Will:Enjoy special shared time of listening to storiesStrengthen his listening and comprehension skills
Parents Can:Encourage their preschooler to talk about things she finds interesting. Ask open-ended questions, such as "How come ..." or "Why do you think..."
Child Will:Practice reasoning skills as she thinks about cause and effect relationshipsReinforce knowledge she has, to provide details and information
Parents Can:Ask their preschooler to predict what might happen next in a story
Child Will:Think about how events may be sequencedUse his imagination to create new actions in a story
Parents Can:Play guessing games, such as "I Spy with my Little Eyes"
Child Will:Practice her observation skillsReinforce labels for such concepts as colour, shape and size
Parents Can:Play silly games, such as using the wrong word in the right place. For example, "I'm going to the store to buy a giraffe, and then to the zoo to see a watermelon."
Child Will:Enjoy the humour of gross contradictionsEnjoy correcting you using appropriate vocabulary
Parents Can:Encourage their preschooler to make up a story to accompany a pictureFor their older preschooler, the story can be written verbatim under the picture
Child Will:Make the connection between oral and written languagePractice language skills to compose stories
Parents Can:Play word games that focus on initial letters. For example, "I'm Annie and I love apples."
Child Will:Practice the basic reading readiness skill of identifying letter soundsLearn that letters represent a sound
Parents Can:Watch a TV programme with their preschooler, and have her recall details and events
Child Will:Practice oral retelling of what she remembersPractice using new words and grammatical constructions
Parents Can:Point out words on signs and labels in their preschooler's daily environment, such as Stop signs, "milk" and so on
Child Will:Become aware of the connection between spoken words and the print equivalentPractice reading readiness skills
Emotional Development: 4 to 5 years
Intellectual Development - Numeracy: 4 to 5 years
Intellectual Development - Problem Solving: 4 to 5 years