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Social Development: 4 to 5 years
Social Development means being able to make friends and get along with others, to work as part of a team and be a good leader, all of which are built on self-confidence, cooperation and trust.
Emerging SkillsSpontaneously take turns and shareUsually play well in groups for an extended period of timeCooperate with adult requests most of the timeRecognize another's need for help and give assistanceBe gaining greater independence with daily routines, such as feeding or eatingUse their imagination to create play experiences
Find out more about What to Expect from your preschooler, 4 to 5 Years.
Emotional Development: 4 to 5 years
Parents Can:Take out an old photo album, and look at the various family members engaging in different activities
Child Will:Enjoy looking at himself and othersRemember the shared experiencesHave an increased sense of belonging to the family
Parents Can:Provide opportunities for their older preschooler to create her own stories, either by drawing pictures or just by telling them to others
Child Will:Use her imaginationExperiment with her ideas and see your reactionEnjoy talking and sharing her ideas with you
Parents Can:Offer praise for their preschooler's efforts at independence
Child Will:Feel proud of his accomplishments and have a strong sense of his abilitiesFeel encouraged to continue to trySeek adult approval more often
Parents Can:Encourage more sophisticated dramatic play by providing props for a restaurant or grocery shopping expedition
Child Will:Practice adult skills she has observedEngage in problem-solving and conversationUse her creativity and imagination
Parents Can:Provide many opportunities for social interactions with other preschoolers
Child Will:Practice social skills while playing with his peersBegin to create his own games and rulesFeel more confident with certain skillsFeel a sense of belonging
Parents Can:Encourage participation in interactive games, such as hide-and-seek, tag, Farmer in the Dell and so on
Child Will:Enjoy playing with youLearn to play cooperative games
Parents Can:Encourage their preschooler to stay involved in play activities. For example, if he says he is finished drawing when he has made only a stick figure, ask what else the person in the picture might like to do. Don't dictate answers, but gently guide your preschooler to stick to a task for longer periods
Child Will:Learn to persist on a taskLearn to sustain interest and attention for longer periods of timeSpend time playing on his own
Parents Can:Give their older preschooler the opportunity to play with younger children
Child Will:Feel a sense of leadershipLearn to recognize when a younger child may need some helpFeel valued and important
Intellectual Development - Language: 4 to 5 years
Intellectual Development - Numeracy: 4 to 5 years
Intellectual Development - Problem Solving: 4 to 5 years
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