The Power of Parenting

Monday, 18 May 2020

Gross Motor Development: Your Baby at Three Months

Gross Motor Development allows a child to gain balance and bring large muscles under control in order to master physical activities such as sitting, crawling, walking, running, climbing, jumping and generally enjoy all that his body allows him to do. At this stage your baby will have more control over his head movement.

Typical Skills
  • Keeps head in mid-position while on her back, and moves her arm and leg on one side in unison, then the arm and leg of the other side
  • Raises head and chest when on tummy
  • Holds head up with more control
  • Sits with support on a lap
Emerging Skills
  • Swipes with arms
  • Tonic neck reflex (characterized by bobbing head) begins to disappear
  • When pulled to stand, presses feet against surface and stands briefly with support
  • Lifts head and supports chest on extended forearms
  • Splashes and kicks with hands and feet when in the bathtub

If you do this:

  • Shift your baby to different positions, for example, on tummy or back, or on your lap
  • Lay baby on back and sing action songs moving arms and legs with the song
  • Use different muscles to look around
  • Use his muscles in ways that may be new
If you do this:

  • Tilt your baby from side to side on your lap while singing a song
  • Bounce your baby gently on your knees to different rhymes or short songs
  • Learns to balance and strengthen muscles needed for sitting
  • Learn to control her head in this action game
If you do this:

  • Place baby on his tummy and lay down on the floor in front of him
  • Place your baby on his back and hold an object within his reach
  • Practice holding up his head and chest to see your face
  • Use his arms to reach for the object, gaining a little more muscle control